Along the vineyards of the winery Tomas Cusiné in The Vilosell , there is a path of dry stone huts called “Ruta de les Cabanes”. It is a listed heritage of popular rural architecture of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
These dry stone huts and cisterns have been classified by experts Mateu Esquerda and Josep Preixens, both rural architecture scholars and members of Studies Centre of Les Garrigues and the Friends Association of Popular Architecture.
Dry stone huts
The dry stone huts had the function of shelter and protection of utensils and tools. The farmers used them as a resting place for draft animals and for protection from inclement weather. They were also used in cases of long distant village or farms and in specific times when farm work required to stay longer on the vineyards. They were even used to spend the night there when needed. With the advent of tractors and other vehicles, these constructions were losing the original function.
The cistern is a tank dug in the ground covered with a dry stone construction. The rainwater is collected through some trails dug in the ground around the cistern. The stored water was used for the consumption of the farmer and his beast of burden.
Stony huts on the state. A great rural architectural heritage